Knox's writings are peppered with the names of his wide network of friends, clients and collaborators. He is generous in his praise of these people and the contributions they made to both his development as a designer, and the development of the earth building and environmental movements in Eltham. The following chart attempts to record these people as they are mentioned in his books - an elaborate Knox 'network'. It aims to illustrate the complex interweaving of ideas, personalities and skills that occurred during this period, what Knox referred to as 'a strong unity of thought' (Knox, 1980, p.83). We are what we stand on (1980) was chosen as the first document due to its focus on Eltham's history and personalities, with additions in red from Living in the environment (1975) and blue from Alternative housing 1980) Text in italics are direct quotes from Knox. Page references are provided in the left hand column and only information provided in the books is included. The highlighted colours indicate the branch of Eltham society the individual primarily or originally belonged to.
It is anticipated that this chart could also be added to at a later date with information acquired from other sources about the people listed below to provide a social history of the time. Sonia Skipper's recent autobiography, for e.g., elaborates on the lives of many of these people, as does Gordon Ford's autobiography and Anne Latreille's work on Stones. Such an historical investigation is, however, beyond the scope of this project.
|Film director. lived in North Warrandyte, directed 'The Great McCarthy'. and many television and shorter films, including 'Squeaker's Mate', based on the Barbara Baynton book, with Myra GOULD (Matcham SKIPPER's wife) in the lead role.
|Classical pianist, elder brother of Roger, schoolboy friend of Peter GLASS - and Gordon FORD, grew up in Camberwell. formed the Graeme Bell Band with Roger and Ade Monsbrough, playing Dixieland Jazz. In 1949 the band went overseas and became internationally known.
|Knox designed and partly built a house for him
|jazz musician, younger brother of Graeme, grew up in Camberwell, schoolboy friend of Peter GLASS and Gordon FORD
|painter. bought land on Panorama Heights Estate at the end of Napier Street
|announced to Knox that he was going to give up pottery to be a full-time painter
|years later presented $2.000.000 worth of paintings to the Australian National Gallery
|part of a group of artists who would meet at Ristie's coffee lounge. Knox would recruit labour
|from the group which included Sidney NOLAN John PERCEVAL David BOYD Neil DOUGLAS Matcham SKIPPER and Albert Tucker
|painter and potter: recruited from Risties Coffee Lounge to work on Knox's first building project in Eaglemont with John YULE Wyn ROBERTS and Matcham SKIPPER
|architect. writer. newspaper contributor
|reviewed the English house in his Age column
|Periwinkle house mentioned in Australia's Home
|Knox introduced STONES to him & other architects
|wrote The Great Australian Ugliness which shocked many people
|would write articles for daily papers on mudbrick building with information he received from Knox
|an instructor at Melbournes lively architectural school with Roy Grounds & Bob Eggleston
|wife of Tim, mother of Dan and Tom
|the first self-sufficiency activist in the district
|launched and ran 'La Mama· theatre in Carlton, which encouraged many new artists & poets
|paved outside the La Ronde restaurant with Margot KNOX
|worked with Gordon FORD, Sonia SKIPPER and Peter GLASS on rebuilding of Souter Cottage
|was to become one of Australia's best known film directors
|built their own mud brick home
|on land on the west side of Bolton Street in Napier Crescent
|Tim has an intelligent, orderly and strongly socially integrated mind.
|worked on Tarnagulla project with GLASS, ROBERTS, JACKSON & JUDD
|He seemed to know a great number of university and artistic personalities and was a party-goer par excellence
|many late night discussions at his home, for e.g. Clifton PUGH debated with Ian Syme about figurative vs non-figurative artists
|made first film by Eltham Film Productions, called 'The Prize'
|directed the film, 'Alvin Purple'
|directed 'Stork' (Larry STEVENS had a bit part)
|former student of JORGENSEN at Montsalvat where she had lived with her brother, John client of Knox
|a basic member of the original Eltham community
|wife of Stephen. The Dattner house was one of the great hospitable houses of the district. Parties were held at their house to which anyone who was someone in Eltham was invited
|Dattner houses in Swan Street built by John HARCOURT
|worked on Periwinkle project
|true nature man of the group
|worked on Tarnagulla house with JACKA and FORD
|poet and painter, lived at Heide at various times 1945-1950
|he was the only person among the more important members who had any intimate knowledge of the Australian bush.
|Worked with Arthur BOYD and John PERCEVAL at Arthur Merrick Boyd Potteries.
|Came to live in Eltham
|Involved in landscape conservation for the Bend of Islands land on eastern tip of Eltham.
|Awarded an MBE
|became a well known environmentalist
|friend of Alan MONEY, served together during WW2
|DOWNING, Professor Richard
|Knox designed a weekend house for him and his partner, Dorian LE GALLIENNE in Yarrabraes Rd, off Sweeneys Lane. 'Dick and Dor', as they were often referred to by their friends, were the most intellectual. urbane and witty company any district contained.
|Clifton PUGH painted his portrait whilst working for Knox on the second wing of the house
|Knox's first client in Eltham. Knox wrote articles about the building which were published in 1947 newspapers The Age and Saturday Night Herald which attracted much attention to the project.
|Jack stonemason who built bath in BUSST house. Taught and worked with his uncle, Caesar Moretti. Together they built stone chimneys in the district and restoration work throughout Melbourne. Grandfathers were Italian stonemasons.
|Margot KNOX lived in a cottage at the back of their property for a short while
|friend of GLASS and BELL brothers, (had worked in Public Service with Roger Glass)
|joined them in mudbrick building venture
|purchased 1 acre of Bell and Glass land
|worked part-time for John HARCOURT with Peter GLASS on pise-de-terre buildings
|After English house built, Ford went to work for Knox
|laboured on BUSST house (52 bags of cement in one day)
|worked on Tarnagulla house with Cyril JACKA and Neil DOUGLAS & Wyn ROBERTS
|worked for Ellis STONES, including some projects with Margot KNOX
|would become an enormous influence on the natural Australian garden development
|attended Ernest LORD's evening classes, where he would take plant samples to be identified
|worked on the second wing of the DOWNING/LE GALLIENNE house, under direction from Stones
|is having buildings erected in landscape designs
|among the rare breed of instinctive Australian landscape architects
|a vital influence on the profession and Australia in general
|artist, architect & landscape architect, attended Max Meldrum's painting classes visited JORGENSEN at Montsalvat before WW2, purchased 6 acres of land nearby with the Bell brothers where they built a mudbrick shed called 'Bald Headed Manor"
|worked part-time for John Harcourt on pise-de-terre buildings
|worked on Tarnagulla project with ROBERTS, JUDD, JACKSON and BURSTALL
|had some slight connection with Edna WALLING before the War
|1951 - 1958
|designed landscapes with Gordon FORD and architecture with Knox
|Knox called him an artist-cum-designer, draughtsman and landscape architect.
|My landscape associate. was responsible for rejuvenating land just outside Bairnsdale. He has designed a proposal that not only will turn the ravaged landscape into a thing of great beauty, but will also make the farm self-supporting.
|among the rare breed of instinctive Australian landscape architects a vital influence on the profession and Australia in general
|GOULD, Myra lead role in David BAKER's film 'Squeaker's Mate'
|had a studio behind Russell St Police Station which she shared with her husband, Matcham SKIPPER (where Alistair met Margot)
|owned land at Dunmoochin near Clifton PUGH
|practical tenacious qualities
|Eltham shire curator
|worked with 'Rocky' STONES for some years and could have had a thriving landscape
|practice in his own right if he had wanted to .... He has a natural gift for shaping land, planting trees, placing boulders. creating a continuing quality of landscape design that is not equaled anywhere else in civic or other places.
|journalist, novelist, pearler, built several earth structures in Eltham district
|employed Gordon FORD and Peter GLASS part-time
|adobe residence called Clay Nunehan
|erected many adobe houses in district using an automatic ramming technique, including DATTNER houses in Swan Street
|Eltham resident and builder
|1930s - 1950
|builder who helped build the Knox house: born in Yorkshire where he worked on medieval buildings which involved spatial relationships between man and nature (like Knox's)
|worked on Periwinkle house with SKIPPER,JHUDD, JACKSON & DOUGLAS
|Actor and comedian, born in Camberwell, famous for his satiric comic criticisms of the suburban lifestyle
|creator of characters Sandy Stone & Edna Everage
|regular at the Swanston Hotel Friday night gatherings
|frequented Clifton PUGH's Dunmoochin Artist Colony
|creator of character Les Patterson
|local wit, satirist and actor
|friend of Ron PINNELL
|worked on Tarnagulla house with FORD & DOUGLAS
|caravan on land on Panorama Heights Estate at the end of Napier Street. near BURSTALL's
|worked with Gordon FORD on Macmahon Ball Studio project
|worked on Periwinkle project with SKIPPER, JUDD, HOWARD & DOUGLAS
|worked on Tarnagulla project with GLASS, ROBERTS, JUDD & BURSTALL
|craftsman carpenter, lived on north west corner of the Main Road and Dalton Street
|family early inhabitants of Eltham. lived in Whiteclouds'
|Jarrold house later belonged to the SKIPPER family
|had a tradesman's approach to adobe building
|JELBART, Ron & Yvonne
|landowners & earth owner builders
|outstanding oarsman, as were his sons
|founder of Montsalvat artist colony
|Helen SKIPPER was his mistress and fathered his children
|had a room at the back of the Mitre Tavern in the city just after WW2 where artists would meet on Tuesdays and Thursdays, followed by dinner at the Latin Club. When Mitre Tavern remodelled they met on Friday nights at the Swanston Family Hotel in Swanston Street.
|built in pise de terre. painter. philosopher
|died aged 82
|JORGENSEN, Dr. Lily
|wife of Justus JORGENSEN
|An Eltham man who started an earth-moving enterprise for which he became well known throughout Victoria.
|legendary mud brick builder. who worked for Knox
|labourer on Periwinkle project, worked with SKIPPER, SKIPPER, HOWARD & DOUGLAS
|lived on the very rim of the highest part of the natural Eltham amphitheatre (Reichelt Crescent) He had a single-minded discipline (and] was regarded with awe and respect by the ordinary worker of the period as a phenomenon - a man apart from others.
|worked for Knox for 2 years as main builder on Periwinkle and BUSST projects and first stage of DOWNIN/LE GALLIENNE house
|worked on Tarnagulla project with GLASS, ROBERTS, JACKSON & BURSTALL
|built stone chapel at Montsalvat
|almost single-handed at age 65
|artist, who had worked in the Arthur Merrick Bo.otteries in Murrumbeena
|occasionally painted with PERCEVAL, DOUGLAS and the BOYD's.
|sold Perceval and Boyd paintings and pottery on commission at the 'Ticket Box' on the 'Whiteclouds' property
|Lived in Peter GLASS' house whilst he was in Europe, and then in a cottage behind the FABROs
|Did paving of the La Ronde Coffee Lounge with Betty BURSTALL
|had attended RMIT art school, met Alistair at Matcham and Myra SKIPPER's studio behind Russell Street Police Station - the most popular artists· rendezvous in Melbourne during that period
|Rented a bungalow in Ivanhoe where she was introduced to Ellis STONES
|employed by Ellis to do slate paving - Rocky taught her the elements of true paving Margot became the best pavior of random slate in the business. Gordon FORD also working for STONES
|visited Clifton PUGH's house at Dunmoochin with Knox
|Alistair's uncle, a later impressionist painter, who painted around East Ivanhoe, Alistair would visit as a boy and remembered his dislike for pine trees. referring to their sour-green colour
|LAYCOCK, Peter & Helen
|settled in Dunmoochin, began a potters· community
|Peter lectured and held pottery classes
|LE GALLIENNE, Dorian
|composer friend and client of Knox
|lived with Dick Downing in Yarra Braes Road.Composed music for the film, 'The Prize" directed by Tim BURSTALL
|He is still considered by many to be the greatest composer this country has procuced
|did not strive for newness but for truth
|along with Dick. he comprehended the total landscape in its relationship to humanity and could see quality where others could not
|Dorians explanations caused Knox to relate to the powerful landscape. rather than try to outdo it - to slow down and think in simple. timeless proportions
|One of Doriens abilities was to leave nature alone except to intensify it and let it come right up to the doors of the house.
|Author of Shrubs and Trees for Australian Gardens, who conducted an evening landscape study group in Melbourne, attended by Gordon FORD was a good friend of Mervyn SKIPPER, who had a plant nursery
|Knox would frequently meet him at Montsalvat on the weekends
|Knox took him a sample of Melaleuca stypheliodes from Griffins Eaglemont garden for identification
|Jack ran a small lending library in Collingwood. made mudbricks for Knox on Macmahon Ball project
|MACMAHON BALL, William
|Knox's second Eltham clients. Australia's delegate in the Japanese peace negotiations
|author. wrote 'Foreword' to We are what we stand for"
|lived in Kangaroo Ground, would travel by couch to Eltham each week
|claimed that people didn't make Eltham, but Eltham made people.
|painter, lived at Heide where he painted the original Kelly series. Knox visited him there
|presented $1,OOO,OOO worth of paintings to the Australian National Gallery
|Field officer from Commonwealth Experimental Building Station in Sydney. Prepared a pamphlet on earth building which Knox used to convince Eltham Council to provide him with building approval for his first mudbrick building.
|produced a pamphlet. Building in earth, enlarged into a book in 1952. reprinted 1975
|Knox met him at the Eltham Hotel
|a notable builder, actor and director
|visited his house : it was a precarious wreck, but the sense of idea and sculpture that could be read into it was stimulating ... It loosened up the traditional concepts into which we so easily lapse.
|He and his wife were secondary teachers, Alan taught art : the kids loved his way-out methods.
|converted an old bakery in Prahran into a theatre, which later burnt down.
|then found an old house opposite Melbourne University
|later taught at the CAE
|friend of Neil DOUGLAS
|was in the same army camp as him during WW2 - both had gardens outside their tents
|painter, close friend of Alistair and Margot KNOX.
|We had supported each other in various escapades and were bound by many loyalties.
|Completed a series of paintings of Whittlesea and Cottles Bridge, would call in at the Knox house on his way home. A 1950 painting sold in 1952 for $61,000 (second highest price paid for an Australian painting at that time)
|Frequented REED's Heide
|went on expedition to Snowy River High Country with PUGH and Knox to paint and see the landscape
|lived in weatherboard cottage in Camberwell
|actor, friend of Barry HUMPHRIES, played the parts of Norm & Kenny Everage
|Knox helped him fight a proposed development in South Burnley
|Knox's building partner later in his career
|K's planning associate - qualified in architecture & town planning
|artist, moved to his property 'Dunmoochin' (part of Eltham shire) from the city (drawn to the area because it was the nearest extents of bushland close to the city
|worked for Knox. made mud bricks and built walls for second wing of DOWNING/LE GALLIENNE house
|At the BURSTALL home. he debated with Ian Syme about figurative vs non-figurative artists
|Built at Cottles Bridge, with 'left-over'· timber supplied by Knox
|persuaded Alma SHANNAHAN to purchase 2 1/2 acres of land at Cottles Bridge
|communal land owning : formed the Dunmoochin Artists' Society
|a strong branch of the Eltham socio-artistic community
|People who have lived at Dunmoochin include Kevin Nolan, Frank and Lea Werther. Kevin Meynell. John Howley, Don Laycock, Mirka Mora, Laurie Dawes, John Olsen, Frank Hodgkinson, Frank Dalby Davison and his wife Marie.
|held afternoon pottery exhibitions on the first Sunday of each month
|painted a portrait of Lord de Lisle. Governor General of Australia
|Archibald Prize winner
|Knox designed and built a wing of Pugh's house composed of big posts and heavy timbers.
|He had the natural desire to build that is common with all artistic and imaginative peo
|'Dunmoochin was two miles past Hurstbridge.
|went on expedition to Snowy River High Country with PERCEVAL and Knox to paint and see the landscape
|First wife of Gordon FORD
|REED, John & Sunday
|owned property situated on the Templestowe side of the Yarra, adjacent to Banksia Street, Heidelberg. They were the acknowledged entrepreneurs of the modern art movement, started in
|John was founder of the Contemporary Art Society, which included artists whom Knox shared a studio with in Little Collins Street
|John also Director of the Museum of Modern Art for many years
|Neil DOUGLAS lived at Reed property (Heide) at various times
|1945 - 1950
|Knox visited whilst Sidney NOLAN painting original Kelly series; other well known artist who were part of the Reed 'stable' included the BOYDs, John PERCEVAL & Albert TUCKER
|foreman on second house Knox built in Heidelberg with John YULE, David BOYD and Matcham SKIPPER
|worked on Tarnagulla house with GLASS, BURSTALL, JACKSON, JUDD & FORD
|later lived on western slopes of Dandenongs, making furniture part-time
|part of Ristie s Coffee Lounge group: which included Sidney NOLAN
|John PERCEVAL, David BOYD, Neil DOUGLASS, Matcham SKIPPER and Albert Tucker
|worked on Knoxs first project. in Eaglemont with Skipper. David Boyd and John Yule
|Frederick architect who accompanied Knox on his first visit to Montsalvat
|lived near Knox in Eaglemont
|part of Dunmoochin community, Maurie SHAW designed and built a remarkable house for him
|arrived in Australia from Europe
|became a successful potter
|artist. did building work for Clifton PUGH
|painting student of Pugh's: had always lived in the St. Andrew's area; would organise the Dunmoochin cricket matches
|first met Pugh through the Belot's (the original landowners). He was amazed at the people he met there, especially BARRY HUMPHRIES.
|friend of Albert TUCKER
|Knox designed house for him at St. Andrews which Serle built himself
|owned land at Cottles Bridge, erected her own mudbrick house
|friend of Clifton PUGH
|potter; had a workshop attached to her house
|one-time girlfriend of Pugh; spoke to Knox about mudbrick building
|built her own hous
|architect, part of Dunmoochin community
|designed and built a mudbrick house for Leon @f;1~3il at Dunmoochin : one of the most amazing designs that have occurred in mud brick building ... It consisted of two circles that fuse into each other, with each circle being supported from its centre by a system of radiating rafters ...
|would visit Knox to discuss the design; later designed children's adventure playgrounds in Glebe, NSW ... he was an exciting man and there is no doubt that his association with the Ounmoochin Artists' Colony has been instrumental in developing his natural potentials.
|elder daughter of Mervyn and Lena SKIPPER, lived at Monsalvat
|mistress of Justus JORGENSEN, mother of Sebastian and Sigmund Jorgensen
|wife of Mervyn, mother of Helen, Sonia and Matcham
|son of Matcham SKIPPER & Myra GOULD
|worked with his father on casting enormous sculptures
|Knox thought of him as a spiritual son
|blacksmith & ironworker
|met Knox when they were both attending night classes in Building. Construction, Theory and Practice at RMIT
|Son of Mervyn and Lena SKIPPER
|sculptor, jeweller, held exhibition in Brummels in South Yarra
|he had the ability to do almost anything better than anyone else
|built his studio at the rear of 'Whlteclouds', raised on 10 foot timber footings due to frequent floods
|Clifton PUGH believed Matcham was the source of the drive of 'things artistic' and
|weaved in and out of Eltham society
|much more influence on the younger people of Eltham than ... Justus JORGENSEN
|would meet at Ristie's Coffee Lounge with Sydney NOLAN, John PECEVAL, Arthur & David BOYD, Neil DOUGLAS & Albert Tucker
|Built stone chimney for Knox's first project in Eaglemont for owners Noel & Bobbie Bryning with Wyn ROBERTS David Boyd and John YULE
|Husband of Lena, father of Helen, Sonia and Matcham SKIPPER
|The Skippers & JORGENSENs formed the original nucleus of the Montsalvat Colony
|Skippers owned Souter Cottage (the first mud brick house built in Eltham (c.1860)
|Prior to moving to Eltham. the Skippers lived in a house designed by Walter Burley GRIFFIN in Eaglemont
|was a good friend of Ernest LORD
|writer, long-time editor of the 'Red Page· of the Bullet
|Sonia daughter of Mervyn and Lena SKIPPER, lived at Montsalvat
|joined Knox on his 1st Eltham building project as foreperson for his early building projects, alongside Gordon FORD
|... had ability as a stonemason, laid mud bricks with style and character and was the finisher 1949+ and decorator of mud brick buildings without equal.
|labourer on Periwinkle project, worked with JUDD, JACKSON, HOWARD & DOUGLAS
|specialised in wall treatments and finishing work, skills she had learned at Montsalvat. Made 1948 the BUSST floor tiles from a magnestite-based concrete with powdered wood fillers and other ingredients. Knox admired her facility and philosophy.
|painter. carver. builder
|first forewoman of mud brick building in Australia
|an ability to pave floors. render earlh walls and finish off each building with a quality that has never been surpassed
|had a real genius for finding the right solutions for finishing earth buildings, using a wide spectrum of materials
|STEVENS, Larry (Humph)
|worked for Knox as labourer on early mud brick projects
|owned 30 acres of land near Dunmoochin (lived there for 6 years )and considered a father figure
|to the to the community. Knox described his laconic approach to life ... dry sense of humour ... nostalgic dreaming. Was a good friend of Clifton PUGH
|Puqh's painting, 'The Chicken Farmers' depicted Larry and his wife. Hope, and their 2 children played a bit part in Tim BURSTALL's film 'Stork' ... a poor man's Humphrey Bogart
|later owned a picture framing business in Carlton
|STONES, Ellis (Rocky)
|landscape gardener who was a creative genius with great boulders and natural land shapes worked with Edna WALLING - together they were the genesis of the real Australian landscape tradition. Elliston Development (named in his honour), his last project, was a collaboration with David Yencken and Merchant Builders
|did landscape design for first part of DOWNING/LE GALLIENNE house
|landscape architect : with an enthusiastic attitude to the production of his ideas a modest, witty, poetic man ... who produced an Australian art form He died aged 79
|lived in Flatrock Road: has done many excellent landscapes prior to taking up landscape design he worked with a large city architectural firm, a gradual metamorphosis that has been an inspiration to us all.
|A painter and sculptor who emigrated to Australia after the Russian Revolution, where he was a Cossack officer in the White Russian Army. Became an art teacher at Koornong Experimental
|School, Warrandyte, and later at Eltham High School.
|Built a house, Stonygrad. in North Warrandyte. Knox attended a party here with Arthur BOYD
|when he was still living in Mossman Drive. Eaglemont.
|Stonygrad was one of the most remarkable buildings I ever saw. It was really great sculpting, with powerful rugged walls and enormous tree trunks forming the main beams of the ceiling and roof.
|along with Ellis was the genesis of the real Aust. Landscape tradition. They had worked together and influenced each other. Walling established her business before WW2
|asked Gordon FORD to work for her but he declined
|interesting painter, poet
|involved in Souter Cottage project : His eye for structure was not as good as it was for painting.
|whilst staying at Knox's house, painted a series of opaque water colours (Encroaching City series)
|frequented Risties Coffee Lounge with a group of artists including Sidney NOLAN, John PERCEVAL, David BOYD Neil DOUGLAS, Matcham SKIPPER and Albert Tucker
|recruited to work on Knoxs first building project in Eaglemont
|his work in stone was admired: he decided to seek a job as a stonemason